PLAN OF THE CASTLE
HISTORY OF EDINBURGH CASTLE
high above the city, Edinburgh Castle is a magnificent sight.
Not only is it a historic monument but also a working military
establishment where the Scottish Division headquarters are based.
Archaeological evidence suggests that the first settlers on this
volcanic hill, then surrounded by forest, were Bronze Age around
1000BC. Even these early settlers recognised the strategic significance
of this commanding and defendable site.
the middle ages this had developed into a mighty fortification
and royal residency.
Throughout the ages the castle was continually besieged, held by
the English as well as the Scottish, but always to rise again.
Badly damaged many times this why the castle now hosts such a mix
of architectural styles.
oldest surviving part of the castle is a tiny Norman chapel built
in the 12th century. Named St.Margaret's
chapel after the saintly wife of Malcolm III, it can still
be used today by the garrison for weddings.
Crown Square, the principle
courtyard, was developed in the 15th century.
The Great Hall, with ornate hammerbeam roofing, which was built
by James IV in 1510 holds a fine collection of armour and weapons.
Nearby is the Scottish National
War Museum, designed by Sir Robert Lorimer, after the First
Not only was the castle of great importance during Scotland's Wars
of Independence but it was also the seat of the Scottish Kings.
You can still see the little room in the Royal Apartments where Mary
Queen of Scots gave birth to her son James who would eventually
become James VI of Scotland and James I of England.
Within the royal apartments is a permanent exhibition. A series
of tableaux depicting key events in Scottish history.
Among the other things to see at the castle are its eerie vaults,
the Scottish United Services Museum, a gallery in hospital square, the
Witches Well (where women were burned for witchcraft), Mons
Meg ( a 15th century cannon ), a little cemetery towards
the summit of the castle where the garrison bury their pets, and
of course the Crown room where you can see the Scottish
crown jewels and the Stone
The castle offers a spectacular
view of Edinburgh city and the surrounding area.
THE ROYAL EDINBURGH MILITARY TATTOO
1st- 23rd August 2014
three weeks in August each year the Castle Esplanade is the
venue of the world-famous Royal
Edinburgh Military Tattoo, when the Scottish
regiments plays host to performers
from over 40 countries. A lively
programme of military music, marching and historical re-enactments
under floodlights before large and appreciative audience from
all over the world.
THE SCOTTISH CROWN
SCOTTISH KINGS &
FROM THE CASTLE
CASTLE PHOTO GALLERY
Adults (16 -59yrs) £14.00
Children (5-15yrs) £7.50
Free entry for children 5 years or under
To Book visit...
EDINBURGH CASTLE WEBSITE