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On the 17th September 1745 Prince Charles Edward Stewart or "Bonnie Prince Charlie" as he was better known, arrived in Edinburgh and declared his father to be the rightful King of Scotland.

Prince Charles was the grandson of the deposed catholic King James II who had fled from the protestant William of Orange's invading army in 1688.

In Scotland, supporters of the deposed King were called Jacobites, and 60,000 people lined the Royal Mile to welcome his grandson to Edinburgh. Bonnie Prince Charlie however could not capture Edinburgh Castle so he set up his Court in Holyrood Palace.

He stayed in Edinburgh until the end of October, but his plans to regain Scotland for his father were ended by the Duke of Cumberland whose Hanoverian army heavily defeated the Jacobites at the Battle of Culloden the following April.

Returning to Rome, where he was born, he lived the rest of his life in exile.

Flora MacDonald



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