BONNIE PRINCE CHARLIE
On the 17th September 1745 Prince Charles Edward Stewart or "Bonnie
Prince Charlie" as he was better known, arrived in Edinburgh and
declared his father to be the rightful King of Scotland.
Prince Charles was the grandson of the deposed catholic King James II
who had fled from the protestant William of Orange's invading army in
In Scotland, supporters of the deposed King were called Jacobites, and
60,000 people lined the Royal Mile to welcome his grandson to Edinburgh.
Bonnie Prince Charlie however could not capture Edinburgh Castle so he
set up his Court in Holyrood Palace.
He stayed in Edinburgh until the end of October, but his plans to regain
Scotland for his father were ended by the Duke of Cumberland whose Hanoverian
army heavily defeated the Jacobites at the Battle of Culloden the following
Returning to Rome, where he was born, he lived the rest of his life in